Students often feel like outsiders in their courses. Their professors speak a different "language" and have different values. If scholarship is a "Conversation," students need to grasp what forces and cultures drive scholars within a discipline to converse the way they do. This slide presentation lays out the main features of disciplinary culture, the basis of all conversations. If students can learn to "read" disciplines effectively, they will be better able to grasp the nature of conversations as they do their research.