Searching as Strategic Exploration

Evaluating Internet Sources: Designated Skeptics

This is a short, engaging activity suitable for learners of all levels. In it, students evaluate web sources that are provided by an instructor using the acronym CRAAP (currency, relevance, accuracy, authority, and purpose). Students work together in groups and explore evaluation processes aloud, with guidance from the CRAAP cards and the instructor. This is an adaptation of various evaluating sources activities available in LIS literature and professional resources. This activity is ideally implemented as a kind of collaborative game moderated by the instructor. It is highly adaptable.Students are grouped into 5 groups - one for each criterion of CRAAP. Each group will receive a CRAAP card or 3x5 index card/ handout/ other with evaluation questions pertaining to Currency, Relevance, Accuracy, Authority, and Purpose – different for each table. These are the "designated skeptics" of their criterion. They set out as skeptics and they are explicitly challenged to be challenging, and the rest of the class is directed to challenge them as well with probing open-ended questions. A source will be shared with the class on the projector. These sources will include scholarly articles, websites (blogs and orgs), and reference entries. It is essential that the instructor select sources that are relevant to their students (either by course, subject, or level) and that would be likely results on a student Internet search for a research topic/ question.Each group will evaluate the source aloud on the single criterion they’ve been assigned. If it “passes,” then the source gets asked the next question. If it “fails,” the source is dismissed. The criterion can be called out in order - that is, according to CRAAP - but they can also be called out randomly to be evaluated. This activity can be repeated with various websites or web sources.

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Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific
License Assigned: 
CC Attribution License CC-BY

Evaluating Internet Sources: Climate Change

Following a face-to-face library instruction session, students are assigned a short paper in which they select two [web] sources from a list and evaluate them using specific criteria (i.e. currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose). A real-life scenario is presented and real sources are provided from the first pages of Google search results. Learning OutcomesStudents will construct various search phrases for use in online search toolsStudents will use certain evaluation criteria (e.g. CRAAP) to assess the credibility of online sourcesStudents will examine sources for relevance to their research question and search need (specifically, to determine credibility of claims)Materials include: Full lesson - description, sequenced instruction (i.e. outline), and performance taskAssignment Assignment with suggested answer keyRubric CRAAP handout 

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Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific
License Assigned: 
CC Attribution License CC-BY

Inform Your Thinking: Search Smarter

The Inform Your Thinking video series introduces students to the frames of the ACRL Framework in an easy-to-understand manner by using conversational tone, approachable peer hosts, relatable comparisons, and eye-catching graphics. This video introduces students to the Searching as Strategic Exploration frame by pushing students to think about their information need and the scope of their search. Students will examine parameters for when and where to perform searches, as well as how they should formulate and refine their search terms.

Information Literacy Frame(s) Addressed:

Discipline(s): 
Multidisciplinary
License Assigned: 
CC Attribution-NonCommercial License CC-BY-NC

From Nothing to Something: Transforming the “Failed” Search

This lesson plan from Teaching Information Literacy Threshold Concepts, edited by Patricia Bravender, Hazel McClure, and Gayle Schaub and contributed by Ika Datig, addresses the search strategies and discovery tools students need to employ to recognize the possible reasons for setbacks and continue their research.

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Information Literacy Frame(s) Addressed:

Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific
License Assigned: 
All Rights Reserved

Top Secret Recipes: Internet Search Hacks Every Student Researcher Should Know

This recipe from The First-Year Experience Cookbook, edited by Raymond Pun and Meggan Houlihan and written by Amanda Foster, details a class that asks students to explore the advanced search capabilities of Google and introduces them to free online research tools used by successful researchers..

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Information Literacy Frame(s) Addressed:

Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific
License Assigned: 
CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License CC-BY-NC-SA

Making Zines: Content Creation with First-Year and Transfer Students

This recipe from The First-Year Experience Cookbook, edited by Raymond Pun and Meggan Houlihan and written by Nick Ferreira and Mackenzie Salisbury, is an exercise for students who understand the basic concepts of research in a college library, but need a quick refresher on college-level research and practical knowledge of their new library’s logistics.

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Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific
License Assigned: 
CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License CC-BY-NC-SA

Camera Rolls: ESOL Student Library Orientation

This recipe from The First-Year Experience Cookbook, edited by Raymond Pun and Meggan Houlihan and written by Joy Oehlers, demonstrates a fun group activity that uses a familiar tool for ESOL students to make sense of their library collections and basic services.

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Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific
License Assigned: 
CC Attribution License CC-BY

Financial Literacy Library Tour for Students in a First Year Experience (FYE) course: An Introduction to a Joint Use Library

This one-shot lesson plan was designed for first-year community college students in a First Year Experience (FYE) course at Lone Star College-CyFair Library, a joint use academic and public library branch of the Harris County Public Library. The lesson plan introduces students to information resources available in print and online in an 80-minute tour and classroom session. Librarians also collaborated with FYE instructors to align the lesson plan’s activities with course outcomes and financial literacy topics covered on the FYE syllabus around the time the one-shots are scheduled. Students work in groups, complete a worksheet, present their work as a group, and reflect in a minute paper at the end of the session. 

Information Literacy Frame(s) Addressed:

Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific

Type of Institution:

License Assigned: 
CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License CC-BY-NC-SA

Anatomy of a scholarly article

Short Tutorial: An interactive map detailing the common structure of a scholarly article 

Resource Type(s):

Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific

Type of Institution:

License Assigned: 
CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License CC-BY-NC-SA

Literature Reviews: An Overview for Graduate Students

Short Video: What is a literature review? What purpose does it serve in research? What should you expect when writing one? Find out here...

Resource Type(s):

Information Literacy Frame(s) Addressed:

Discipline(s): 
Not Discipline Specific

Type of Institution:

License Assigned: 
CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License CC-BY-NC-SA

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